Subways are an efficient, economical and fun way to sample the best of New York City, and riders of the subways, and residents of the neighborhoods the trains serve, offer a living portrait of the city's remarkable diversity, according to the story “Big Apple Rails” in the Sept. 1 St. Paul Pioneer Press. “The '90s were good to New York's subways,” said Clifton Hood, associate professor of history, in the article. Hood thinks there's a much greater “sense of comfort” about the city's subway system than 10 or 15 years ago. He attributes the change mostly to the falling crime rates, greater financial support and automated fare cards, which were introduced in the mid-1990s.
Hood is the author of “722 miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York”. A professor at the Hobart and William Smith since 1992, Hood received his B.A. at Washington University, and his M.A. and Ph.D. at Columbia University.